Brockton (Massachusetts)

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Coordinates 42°05′00″N 71°01′08″W
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Plymouth
Settled 1700
Incorporated (town) 1821
Incorporated (city) 1881
Elevation 112 ft (34 m)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
ZIP Codes 02301–02305
Area code(s) 508/774
FIPS code 25-09000
GNIS feature ID 0617571
Government (Type) Strong mayor/council
Government (Mayor) Robert F. Sullivan
Government (Total) 21.52 sq mi (55.73 km2)
Government (Land) 21.33 sq mi (55.25 km2)
Government (Water) 0.18 sq mi (0.48 km2)
Area (Total) 21.52 sq mi (55.73 km2)
Area (Land) 21.33 sq mi (55.25 km2)
Area (Water) 0.18 sq mi (0.48 km2)
Population (2020) (Total) 105,643
Population (2020) (Density) 4,952.09/sq mi (1,912.05/km2)

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Brockton is a city in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States; the population is 105,643 as of the 2020 United States Census. Along with Plymouth, it is one of the two county seats of Plymouth County. It is the sixth largest city in Massachusetts and is sometimes referred to as the "City of Champions", due to the success of native boxers Rocky Marciano and Marvin Hagler, as well as its successful Brockton High School sports programs. Two villages within it are Montello and Campello, both of which have MBTA Commuter Rail Stations and post offices. Campello is the smallest neighborhood, but also the most populous. Brockton hosts a baseball team, the Brockton Rox. It is the second-windiest city in the United States, with an average wind speed of 14.3 mph. In 1649, Ousamequin (Massasoit) sold the surrounding land, then known as Saughtucket, to Myles Standish as an addition to Duxbury. Brockton was part of this area, which the English renamed Bridgewater. On June 15, 1821, a portion of the then Bridgewater Township was established as North Bridgeton. Its name changed in 1874, after a contentious process finally decided on naming it after Isaac Brock (the initial British commanding general at Queenston Heights, where invading American troops suffered a rout, in 1812), after a local merchant heard of Brockville, Ontario, on a trip to Niagara Falls. Brockton became a city on April 9, 1881. During the American Civil War, Brockton was America's largest producer of shoes, and until the latter parts of the 20th century, Brockton had a large shoe and leather products industry.

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